Uttam Brahmacharya Dharma:
Uttam Tyaga Dharma:
The “Paryushan Parva” celebrated annually for self-purification and upliftment is meant to adhere to the ten universal
virtues in practical life, and leads us on the right path, far from the mad strife for material prosperity, which ultimately
leads us to our true destination i.e. Salvation.
The festival which carries a special greater significance, its celebration spread over a longer duration and it is more
soul-stirring than any other festival and Jain festival.
The festival for the observance of ten universal virtues, Viz, forgiveness, contentment and celebacy, which aim at the
upliftment of the soul and are vividly preached and practised specially during the festival.
An eminent English Poet Writes:
Compassion (Mardav) means to put an end to vanity or egotism. The foundation of compassion is tenderness or
humility. It is an inherent trait of the soul. Telling humility the root of religion in both “Bodh Pahud” Acharya Shree
KundKund Swami state: “Religion means to be adorned with pity in “Rayansar” the same has been stated thus:
“Mercy is the true religion.” Just as the construction of the building in the absence of foundation; the existence of a
tree in the absence of roots; the rainfall in the absence of clouds is impossible: likewise birth of the virtue of
compassion (Mardav Dharma) and Right Belief (Samyak Darshan) is impossible for want of humility. The
attainment of salvation (Moksha) lies in humility of compassion.
The word Arjava means an uprightness, straight forwardness, simplicity, frank-speaking, honesty, non-hypocrisy,
large-heartedness and freedom from deceit
“Give freely and receive, but take from none. By greed or force or fraud what is his own.”
“Trugth is the speech of inward purity”
“Self-restraint is the key to eternal happiness”
“Penance is a cataract that washes away all blemishes and purges the souls of all kamic matter”
He, who abandons the evil through of attachment to worldly objects, can alone give up possessions.
“The ills of life are cured, if you root out lust from your heart.”
“Renunciation of all possessions is Ahinsa; and the appropriation of all possessions is Hinsa”
One who is deceitful in conducts is fated to be born in an animal state due to his bondage of karmas. So every
living being should give up deceitful conduct.
Shaucha Dharma means sacredness, cleanliness, to be pure, to be clean, to the spotless and to be non-greedy.
In “Bhagvati Aradhana” the erudite Archaya Shivarya expresses his invaluable thoughts; such ambitious thoughts
as “Objects like riches and wife belong to me” lead a man to numerous troubles. To do away with this feeling of
attachment for worldly objects from heart is abstentionism or contentment. To be too greedy is disasterous. The
soul becomes impure due to greed.
To speak genuine words with monks and their devotees the house holder is the virtue of trugh. Acharya Samntra
Bhadra rightly says that the trugh that injures a pious heart must always be avoided at all costs. To speak politely
in accordance with scriptures for the upliftment of religion is called truth.
Uttama Sanyam that is supreme Self-restraint is one of the ten virtues to be cultivated by a man counteract the four
passions (Kashayas) that is anger, pride, deceit and greed.
Penance is an easy medium to lead a living being towards spiritual upliftment. All the great men born in the world
so far, became great only by practising austerity. Penance is an extremely significant function of life. Those who
adopt austerity in life, sail across the ocean of the world smoothly i.e. get rid of the cycle of birth and death.
Austerity is the only path to attain liberation. Nothing can be gained in life without an austerity.
Assuredly, the non-appearance of attachment and other passions is Ahinsa, and their appearance is Hinsa.
Brahmacharya is a word with a very wide scope. It means maintaining sexual purity by assuming the strict
aspects of celibacy. Brahma means soul, which is chaste, enlightened, eternal and blissful. To become fully
engrossed in soul is Brahmacharya celibacy.
Some wise men have said; “In this world it is not what we take up but what we give up, that makes us rich”
Renunciation has been assigned a great significance in the path of salvation propounded by the Omniscient Lord
Jitendra. One who cherishes the feeling of renunciation without letting one’s energies lie dormant, paves the way
to the attainment of Tirthanker PraKriti i.e. the state of final libration or salvation.
Nothing on earth is as glorious as truthfulness; it brings in its wake all other virtue. A person who is truthful in his
conduct and dealings leads a smooth and simple life. Even more contact with truthful and god persons make a man
Restraint on senses-To check the five senses (senses of touch, taste, smell, sight and hearing) and the mind from
indulging in sensuous pleasure is restraint on senses.
No work is a fulfilled in the world without penance.
Not to have the least (Parigraha) attachment is known as Akinchanya (Non attachment). The word means to put a
limit to ambitions, to put a check as desires.
The vow is chastity is an ornament of a man and woman both; it is a garland woven by auspicious virtues and is
a gateway to heaven, Chastity is the most precious jewel of a lady.”The impenetrable fence which protects a
woman is her virtue of celibacy; no other fence can safeguard her as well.” Indeed chastity! Thy name is woman.
To sum up, men is chastity are men of character; and character is the supreme and unique possession of men.
This is why the scholars assign the highest value to character in human life.