My article about the "Value Based Education..."

My article about the "Value Based Education..." which was presented on Dec. 29th, 2009 in a program organized by Save the Children in Nepal; Thanks.

"Times New Roman""">Value-Based Educationfont-family:"Trebuchet MS","sans-serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"""> "Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">


"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:"Angsana New";color:black"">Vidyaya-amritam-ashnute


"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Angsana New";color:black;mso-bidi-font-style:italic">


"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family: "Angsana New";color:black;mso-bidi-font-style:italic"> (Wisdom provides immortality)"Times New Roman";color:navy"">


mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black;mso-ansi-language:EN"">The elements of a value-based education can be found not only in the subject
matter, but in the learning styles which are employed, the scheduling of the
classroom, extracurricular activities, and parental involvement.
mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;color:black"">The VBE is therefore organized so as to
secure the fullest possible development
of body, mind and heart; and a fruitful channelization of the life-energy in
pursuits that contribute to the growth of both internal and external
personality.
mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black""> mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;color:black;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold"">It offers a
sufficient training of the mental faculties in the fields of various humanities
and sciences. It ultimately provides the requisite help, through a powerful
spiritual atmosphere, for the soul to come forward and gradually begin to
govern a balanced, peaceful and spiritually awakened life. Therefore, value
based-education is instrumental to unfold and nurture the ideals of life.
Education that does not help promote human virtues will not do any good to the
society; it will rather mislead the entirety of humanity.
mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:navy;mso-ansi-language:EN;
mso-bidi-font-style:italic">


mso-bidi-font-family:"Angsana New";color:black"">"mso-bidi-font-family:"Angsana New";color:black"">The real difficulty is that people have no idea of what education truly is. We assess the value of
education in the same manner as we assess the value of land or of shares in the
stock-exchange market. We want to provide only such education as would enable
the student to earn more. We hardly give any thought to the improvement of the
character of the educated. The girls, we say, do not have to earn; so why
should they be educated? As long as such ideas persist there is no hope of our
ever knowing the true value of education".
color:black""> color:black""> – Gandhicolor:navy"">


color:black"">"There is a part of a child's soul that has always been unknown but which must be known. With a spirit of sacrifice and enthusiasm we
must go in search like those who travel to foreign lands and tear up mountains
in their search for hidden gold. This is what the adults must do who seeks the
unknown factor that lies hidden in the depths of a child's soul. This is a
labor in which all must share, without distinction of nation, race, or social
standing since it means the bringing forth of an indispensable element for the
moral progress of mankind." - Maria Montessori


mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:navy;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold"">


"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">What is Value- Based Education?"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"""> "Times New Roman""">


"Times New Roman";color:black"">Education opens up our mind, but Value-Based Education (VBE) gives us purity of heart too; education provides us with
skills, but VBE provides us sincerity too; education extends our relationship
with the world, but VBE links us with our own family members too. Education
makes our living better, but VBE makes our life better too; education teaches
us to compete with others, but VBE encourages us to be complete too; education
makes us a good professional, but VBE makes us a whole human too; education
takes us to the top, but VBE takes the whole society to the top. Education
gives us capacity of better learning, but VBE gives us the tool for a deeper
understanding too; education gives us Anna but VBE provides us Ananda
too
; education may bring limitations but VBE is for liberation. After all
right education means- "Sa Vidya Ya Vimuktaye”. It means that
knowledge
is what helps us to attain liberation.


font-family:"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">Why is VBE needed?mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">


"Times New Roman";color:black"">VBE is highly needed in our modern society because our lives have become more miserable. The quantity of education has
considerably increased, but the quality has decreased. Why? The number of
educated people


"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black"">


"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black"">- Paper presented in a Workshop organized by Save The Children


"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black"">and Curriculum Development Centre on 29th December, 2009


"Times New Roman";color:black"">has reached at a high level, but murder, hatred, and selfishness have spread out like wildfire everywhere. Why? Many
institutions are opened, but only few civilized people are produced. Why?
Degrees are available for all, but the dignity has gone down. Why? Trained
people are produced from many institutions, but sincere


"Times New Roman";color:black"">people are very few. Why? Many books are written; much research is done; many professional achievements are attained,
but humanity is threatened. Why? Therefore, we need VBE.
color:navy"">


"Times New Roman";color:red""> mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black"">The rate of suicide is going up in our society. One of the very common factors responsible for this is
over pressure on students to get the high marks in their exams. It is for
sure a very unhealthy and unethical competition. It is not only limited to a
school level education, several suicide cases happen even at top level academic
institutions worldwide. The highest purpose of education is now either
disregarded or may be forgotten. The Vedas say - "Etat Desh Prasutasya
Sakasat Agrajanman, Swam Swam Charitram Shiksheran Prithivyam Sarva
Manava..."
It means that people who are born in this part
of the earth should enlighten the entire world by presenting the example
of their own character.


font-family:"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">History of Value-Based Education in Nepal:"Times New Roman""">


"Times New Roman";color:black"">The history of "Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">Nepal's education is not so old; it may go back around 100 years only. In addition, it was mainly influenced by the Indian education system. In
the past, most of the educators
were formed in India, mainly Varanasi. And, only a few
wealthy people had access to this opportunity, in fact, mainly the people from
the upper class community.


"Times New Roman";color:black"">According to the past history of Nepal's education system, it was basically based on the Gurukul system. Balaguru Shadananda, Swargadwari Mahaprabhu, Galeshwar Baba, Saint
Gyandildas etc. offered several contributions to the Gurukul system
in
Nepal. Beside this, there was not any formal education in Nepal. Similarly many other Pandits and Gurus
provided Gurukul knowledge in their own local communities as per their
capacity.


"Times New Roman";color:black"">During the Rana regime it was quite strict for ordinary citizens to attain education. Even at the time of such a
fearful regime, Gurukul knowledge was available formally or informally
at the local level. In deed this system had contributed to preserving our
culture and tradition supporting the flame of Vidya to keep it
alive.


font-family:"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">What are Universal Values?mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">


"Times New Roman";color:black"">Education is not only for news but also for views; it is not only for information but also for inspiration; it
is not only educating but also enlightening. It is quite an integrated
process. An educated person should have all kind of qualities. Education should
make every individual capable physically, mentally, intellectually, emotionally
and spiritually. Therefore, some universal ideals of “love, peace, respect,
tolerance, forgiveness, co-existence and non-violence”
should be accepted
by all the educators worldwide. Theses values are truly indispensable, devoid
of which, our society cannot sustain itself and people will forget humanity.
And, we can easily imagine the future ahead and foresee what our future will be
like. No matter what our religious beliefs are, what our practices are, but
there are ultimate goals which one has to achieve in life. Everyone always
aspires to love, peace and happiness, and that includes a spiritually balanced
life. Even a person who may not be spiritual should also believe and practice
the ideals of love, peace, tolerance and service.
color:blue"">


font-family:"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">What are National and Cultural Values?font-family:"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">


"Times New Roman";color:black"">One should recognize his or her nation and culture. Knowing about the world is quite good, but knowing about our own
culture, history and traditions is more important. How can education cut off us from our own
roots? How can education impart only information but give no
positive feelings for our own country? Education which cannot develop any
respect and love for our own family, society, country and humanity will
produce selfish individuals, and selfish people can be violent and dangerous
for humankind. September 11 is the worst history of humankind and maybe we will
have to see more like this on a global level. Therefore, we need VBE
which can impart a true, scientific, holistic and positive knowledge of
culture, tradition, society and spirituality. In
"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">Nepal's perspective VBE can include festivals, Sanskaras,
family systems, art, language, music, life style, diversity in unity, local
archeology, temples, Gumbs and Bihars.


bold"">Through value-based education we can flourish the eternal truth like “Sarba Dharma Sambhab”. Equal respect towards all the great world religions and faiths is the dire need of the
today’s world. This will help eliminate all forms of discriminations prevailing
in our society. Value-based education provides a strong foundation for getting
rid of century-old discriminations based on language, caste, gender, class,
region and religion. The society will then be harmonious.


font-family:"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">International Practices of VBE:mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">


"Times New Roman";color:black"">The realization of VBE has become quite strong in last few decades on a global level. The negative forces like selfishness,
hatred, terrorism, individualism, violence, intolerance, etc. have now become
day-to-day problems in the world. The phenomena such as family breakdown,
increasing of negative attitude and spread of health hazards like drugs and
HIV/AIDS seem to be escalating worldwide, which have now terrified humanity.
These are, of course, very threatening challenges to the peaceful existence of
humankind. It seems that our future is
dismayed and horrified now not because of anything else other than our own
deeds, achievements and productions. However, some good activities and
practices for the promotion of VBE are going on all around the world.
color:black""> color:black"">Some of the famous institutions working for VBE are - The "Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:
Arial">Acorn
color:black;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold""> mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-weight:bold"">SchoolUK, Alger Learning Center /Independenceblack""> High School-USA, Ananda Schools USA, mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";mso-bidi-font-family:Arial;
color:black;mso-bidi-font-weight:bold">Brisbane Independent School-Australia,
Brockwood Park Educational Centre-UK, Democratic School of Hedera -Israel, Hope
Flowers Secondary School- Palestine, Osho Ko Hsuan School-UK, Shanti Niketan-
India, School of Thinking, School of Total Education, Sri Aurobindo
International Centre of Education-India, Rishi Valley School–India, Robert
Muller Centre for Living Ethics-UN, School of Philosophy-UK, Alternative
Education Resource Organization (AERO), International Democratic Education
Conference (IDEC) etc.
mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black"">


font-family:"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">How to Implement VBE?"Times New Roman""">


"Times New Roman";color:black"">Talking about VBE is quite an easy job, but implementing it is a daunting task, which needs the strongest
determination. Presently,
Nepal’s education means just achieving around 80 % in academic
exams and then going abroad in the name of further education. Actually, unless
we can create a very healthy and pleasant educational bold"">environment, VBE cannot be implemented at academic institutions.
First of all we should all fully agree that without VBE we cannot have a safe
society, a developed country and a harmonious family environment. Therefore, we
need to find out some practical ways to apply VBE, e.g. starting with
junior classes, developing a strong commitment of all academic institutions,
encouraging parents for their persistent support, producing more trained and
dedicated teachers, establishing supportive administrative teams and the like. A well organized library equipped with relevant
reference books and audio-visual cassettes of course helps as an additional and
supportive means and resource to inculcate the value based education in the
children.


"Times New Roman""">VBE Teaching and Learning Methods: "Trebuchet MS","sans-serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">


"Times New Roman";color:black"">General education can be transferred, but VBE should be transformed. VBE is more teacher-based than text books; it is more
awakening, not only informing. It is life-oriented, not exam-oriented.
Therefore, we need to create a special environment in institutions to transform
VBE in students. First of all, we need trained, committed and spiritually
motivated teachers for VBE. The pedagogical methods for implementing VBE may be
stories, poems, prayers, songs, mantras
and bhajans. Similarly, special camps
can be organized. Likewise, special Satsangas can be helpful. It is
apparent that all the festivals hold several values such as environmental,
social, scientific and spiritual. It is
therefore imperative to integrate festivals into teaching / learning process so
as to make children realize importance and values of the festivals. The whole
process should be very peaceful, harmonious and motivational. One should get
answers by asking himself or herself. The whole environment should be free from
stress, fear and confusion. Extreme materialistic attachment has made our life
very narrow; therefore one should be able to open up the mind and heart freely
and infinitely. Actually VBE does not require any set text books; rather than
that, the whole institution should be based on VBE. It should be applied through various methods
in order that everyone can understand it and follow it automatically and
positively.
mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:navy"">


font-family:"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">Practices of VBE in Nepal:"Times New Roman""">


"Times New Roman";color:black"">Although it is quite challenging to apply VBE at present in "Times New Roman""">Nepal, a few schools and colleges have been working on the
promotion and implementation of VBE formally or informally. A few major
obstacles to the application of VBE are - lack of good governance, unhealthy
education environments, pressure of private money-making institutions, and
unstable political situations. However, few institutions are coming up slowly
with a deep realization of VBE. At present some educational institutions namely
HVP- Nepal, Sai Education foundation, Chetana Vidyashram,
Alok Vidyashram, Budhaneelkantha Ashram school, DAV,
Shuvatara
School, Pranavananda Ashram school, St. Xavier's, St.
Mary's, etc. seem to be working towards this direction. Perhaps
these institutions might be struggling with several
constrains.
Nevertheless,
they are working determinedly for the promotion and application of VBE at their
level.


font-family:"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">Informal Contribution for VBE in Nepal:"Times New Roman""">


"Times New Roman";color:black"">There are many other institutions in Nepal which are working informally for VBE. These institutions are still not recognized or noticed by the government, but their
contribution for VBE at the local level is really praiseworthy. On the one
hand, the private schools are selling the dreams of going abroad; and on
the other hand, the government schools, with highly politically-motivated
teachers, are good for nothing and are the centers for the slogans of political
parties. Who will then take the responsibility
for VBE? Therefore, some institutions have come up with a strong zeal for
saving and implementing VBE. They are committed to promoting the ancient Gurukul
education system through informal packages even in this materialistic,
modern time. These institutions are - bold"">Satya Sai Bal Viakas Kendra, Bal Vihar of Chinmaya Mission, Children’s
Study Club of Shanti Sewa Ashram, Centers of Om Shanti, Krishna Pranami Sewa
Samiti, Art of Living, Gayatri Pariwar,

etc.They have been
working constantly for VBE to restore values in society and impart good lessons
of humanity.


font-family:"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">Consequences of the Current Education System in Nepal:
mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">


"Times New Roman";color:black"">The present Education system of Nepal has, no doubt, produced a number of students. Similarly, many challenging and competitive subjects have been introduced that have
increased the level of education. Many demanding subjects are now taught in
Nepal; many good and competitive universities and colleges are
now formally established in different parts of the country. This is what we can
regard as good future. Nonetheless, the main question about VBE is still not
addressed by any modern universities, colleges and schools. Why is such an
essential and fundamental education ignored? Is it because parents are uninterested
or because of unhealthy financial competition amongst academic institutions? Is
it because the government does not have any policy, guidance and control?
Therefore, modern education is producing more selfish youths. Brain drain is
massively increasing; negativity is expressed at every level. Violence, hatred,
crime and enmity are now like common problems; civic sense is disregarded
at every


"Times New Roman";color:black"">level; human rights are completely violated. Social and cultural
values are forgotten and love for nation and nationality sounds like
a joke. So the big question is - where are we heading to?
color:red"">


"Times New Roman""">Likewise, the present political situation in Nepal has damaged the spirit and sensitivity of VBE. Everyday activities such as strike, destruction
etc. have formed very negative attitudes in the mind of our children. Truly
speaking, they do not see any future in their country. They are grown with despair
and hopelessness and are raised with the pollution of burning tyres.


font-family:"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">Commitment for VBE: mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">


"Times New Roman";color:black""> It is quite essential to take necessary steps for VBE on time. Just patching up
problems will not ensure us a safe and peaceful future. We have
realized very clearly that brain drain is a serious problem for
Nepal. Violence has now reached even our personal life. Frustration
amongst youths is very common, and negativity and suicide are now common. The
family system is getting weaker day by day; the children are crazy for violent
movies. The cases of sexual harassments are increasing. So the government should take bold steps;
educators should come forward with very pure hearts and intentions; schools and
colleges should work on it collectively; parents must decide now what they want
for their children and we should know what we hope from our own children.
color:navy"">


font-family:"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">Conclusion:"Times New Roman""">


"Times New Roman";color:black"">There is a famous saying - better late than never. So we must start now. Educators worldwide are now quite worried;
therefore they have started various packages and discussions at their
level. Names could be any - Holistic Approach to Education, Global Education,
Democratic Education and Home Schooling System (USA), Alternative Education
color:#C00000""> mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black"">etc. They are all
working for VBE directly indirectly, formally or informally. So we must awake
and work now. New
mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman""">Nepal can be a good reality if we can foster VBE. In fact the
bright future of our nation depends on the children as there is a saying - ”
"Times New Roman""">If you plan for one year, plant rice. If you plan for ten
years, plant trees. If you plan for 100 years, educate children
color:black"">". Our ancestors gave us the highest message of
VBE - "Satyam Gyanam Anantam Brahman”. Therefore, after the
completion of education at Gurukul,
the Gurus finally used to sermonize
their students in the graduation ceremony - Satyam Vad, Dharmam Char,
Swadhyayan-ma Pramad, Matridevo Bhav, Pitridevo Bhav, Aachryadevo Bhav
etc. Consequently, the time
has again come to revive and restore our ancient knowledge based on VBE in
this modern age without being biased, extremist, prejudiced and orthodox.
It is only ancient knowledge and Vidya
which will change the attitudes of our children making them complete human
beings. And, in return they will change the entire human society.
"Times New Roman""">


mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black"">"Vidya Dadati Vinyam, Vinayat Yati Patratam; Patratwat Dhanama-pnoti, Dhanat Dharma Tat
Sukham"
mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:navy"">


"Book Antiqua","serif";mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black"">Dr. C. M. Yogi
mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black""> mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:black"">Founding Principal -
Hindu Vidya Peeth-Nepal (HVP)
Founding Chairperson - Shanti Sewa Ashram
(SSA)
Patron - Youth Society for Peace ( YSP)
Founder - Society for Value Education (SVE)
P. O. Box: 6807, Kathmandu, Nepal


"Times New Roman";color:black""> Tel. 00977-1-5527924 / 5006125


"Times New Roman";color:black""> www.hvp-nepal.org normal"">and www.cmyogi.org


mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman";color:fuchsia"">* * *color:black"">



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