jainmath moodbidri anciant recordscollection
ramarani research centre
district are known as ‘Aliya Santana’ or ‘Aliya Kattu’. As the name itself implies, Aliya
Santana is a system of inheritance in which succession is traced through the ‘female line’.
Here the property descends through the mother, from uncle to nephews-children of the sister.
The term is the exact Kannada translation of the Malayalam term Marumakkathayom.
The story behind Aliya Santana law was that it was first introduced in the era of
Shalivahana called Ishwara by a jain prince called Bhutala Pandya in the year 77 AD in
suppression of the Makkala Santana or inheritance from father to son, which was prevailing
then. When the maternal uncle of this prince called Deva Pandya wanted to launch his newly
constructed ships with valuable cargo in them, Kundodara,dharmadeva(spirit worship not devil) the king of Demons, appeared and
demanded a human sacrifice. Deva Pandya asked his wife’s permission to offer one of his
seven sons but she refused. His sister Satyavalli, however, offered her son Jaya Pandya for
the purpose. Kundodara discovering in the child signs of future greatness waived the sacrifice
and permitted the ships to sail. Subsequently, when the ships brought immense wealth, the
demon again appeared and demanded from Deva Pandya another human sacrifice. Deva
Pandya again consulted his wife, who refused to comply with the request. She publicly
renounced her right and that of her children to the valuable property brought in the ships.
Kundodara then commanded Deva Pandya to disinherit his sons of the wealth brought in the
ships and the kingdom. He bestows the wealth and kingdom on his sister’s son, Jaya Pandya,
who was named thereafter Bhutala Pandya. As Butala Pandya inherited his kingdom from his
maternal uncle and not from his father, he ruled that this inheritance law should be followed
by his subjects. Thus the Aliya Santana law came in to practice since in the era of
Shalivahana. However, there is no historical basis for this story. Matriarchal or Aliya Santana
system is followed mainly by south canarian digamberJains, Bunts, Billavas, Marakalas, and Baragas and the lower